Disasters have harmfully affected humans since the origin of our existence and in response, we have made several efforts to reduce our exposure to them. Most times we tend to misuse the word “Disaster” and “Hazard”. Disaster is an unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind. It can be defined as an unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent changes to the natural environment. Hazard in a simple term is a lurking danger.
Hazards if not discovered on time has an adverse effect on the people, organization or the environment. I read a story of a man who got burnt for answering his phone while cooking dinner. I had a news of some fuel tanker that burnt down a fuel station simply because an addicted chain smoker was smoking cigarette beside a tanker filled with combustible gas. These are instances of hazards which if properly guided we can avert to prevent the disaster from occurring.
There are two major Approaches orConcepts Disaster Management such as;
The Vulture concept: here the agency waits for disaster to occur before they take actions
The Eagle concept: The agency employs forecasting and early warning on the hazards to prevent and mitigate large-scale humanitarian displacements and catastrophes (Ndace 2008).
Some of the developed countries in Europe apply the Eagle concept towards managing series of disaster befalling their country while Some developing and under developed countries in Africa apply the Vulture concept. The most effective approach towards disaster management is the Eagle concept as it leads to better management which is why the developed countries have the power to contend most of the human induced disasters as well as the natural disasters.
Common examples of these disasters include;
Slipping or falling
Fire out breaks
Terrorism/kidnapping and taking hostage
Bio hazards through aerosol or food supply
Panic and hysteria
However, when you have disabled people at the scene, they are at greater risk if they can not hear or see the warning signs or unable to leave the premises quickly. In large workplaces, drawing of the emergency precautions systems may be helpful. For example;
The location of the main electrical supply switch
The main gas shut-off valve
The escape routes
The position of the fire detection and firefighting equipment
Emergency lighting system
Also, provision should be made for alerting people with hearing impairment if alarms systems are audio only. Eg. Flashing light on smoke detectors or specialized alarms installed in the rooms should be made available to people in this category. Auxiliary aids could be available for emergencies such as wheelchairs and where there are staircases and ramps, there should be appropriately situated handrails.
In terms of the control, we have Hierarchy of Controls for Disaster Management;
Physically remove the hazards
Replace the hazards
Isolate people from the hazard
Change the way people work
Protect the people with personal protective equipment
The National Disaster Management Framework (NDMF) in 2010 recognized 3 broad stakeholders in disaster response groups namely;
Primary responders which includes community-based institutions or groups, faith-based organizations (FBOs), Grassroot Volunteers, etc.
Secondary responders which includes the Military, the Police, the Fire service, the para-military organizations, the Red cross and NEMA.
The tertiary responders include Humanitarian and Development agencies.
The incidence of disaster as much as their impacts has been rather threatening in recent years on the developing nations has been more debilitating owing principally to their high vulnerability to such occurrences as well as the inadequacies of the emergency management infrastructure and practices in such contexts. Unfortunately, the issue of disaster management in Nigeria has not been properly situated and prioritized. The efforts of the various Nigeria government in respect of disaster management has been characteristically inefficient owing to the fact that such endeavors have not been organically blended into the national development security strategy.
In conclusion, the National Emergency Management Agency’s (NEMA) aspiration in respect to the above subject matter have been hampered by inadequacies such as;
Lack of capacity in terms of trained personnel,
Equipment and Logistics
Weak Executives capacity and supports
Therefore, the need to create disaster management awareness in our various countries cannot be over emphasized. This is because disaster management goes beyond lips service which requires everyone to employ concerted effort for the overall interest of the citizen.
While describing the anger of the #EndSars protesters as justifiable, Governor Obiano declared that all schools and markets in the state have been closed down, stressing that all large gatherings in any form are banned.
He said that the security agencies are on notice to do the needful, asking them to resist all efforts to provoke them to the use of extreme force.
The Governor called on stakeholders including the clergy, traditional rulers, youth leaders, among others, to lend their voices and help address the escalating situation, adding that the sum of two hundred million naira (N200,000,000) has been approved to compensate families of those affected by SARS brutality in the state.
He concluded that this is not the time for destructive rumours, but a time to unite and keep Anambra state safe.
The Centre of Ethical Rebirth Among Nigerian Youths (CERANY) endorses the Legitimacy of Peaceful Protest against Police brutality #EndSARS #EndSWAT.
This was announced with a press release by Chuks Akamadu EQS, the President of CERANY.
According to his statement, “The action is patriotic and indicates a collective resolution by young people of Nigeria to see a better nation.”
However, he commends President Buhari for showing exemplary leadership as a true democrat by assuring the nation that the disbandment of Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) was just the first step towards a comprehensive police Reform.
Chuks also urged the young people to discontinue the protest and give the government the benefit of doubt to implement what they have promised as it relates to the #EndSARS protest.
He is also proposing the immediate convening of National Youth Leaders Conference (NYLC) whose mandate would be to articulate the concerns of the young people across the country in an objective and realistic manner.
The commission says it adopts scientific research methods to gather data, analyze trends in line with the dynamism of the industry and advise government.
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