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Disaster Management : The Best Approach

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Disasters have harmfully affected humans since the origin of our existence and in response, we have made several efforts to reduce our exposure to them. Most times we tend to misuse the word “Disaster” and “Hazard”. Disaster is an unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind. It can be defined as an unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent changes to the natural environment.  Hazard in a simple term is a lurking danger.

Hazards if not discovered on time has an adverse effect on the people, organization or the environment. I read a story of a man who got burnt for answering his phone while cooking dinner. I had a news of some fuel tanker that burnt down a fuel station simply because an addicted chain smoker was smoking cigarette beside a tanker filled with combustible gas. These are instances of hazards which if properly guided we can avert to prevent the disaster from occurring.

There are two major Approaches or Concepts Disaster Management such as;

  • The Vulture concept: here the agency waits for disaster to occur before they take actions
  • The Eagle concept: The agency employs forecasting and early warning on the hazards to prevent and mitigate large-scale humanitarian displacements and catastrophes (Ndace 2008).

Some of the developed countries in Europe apply the Eagle concept towards managing series of disaster befalling their country while Some developing and under developed countries in Africa apply the Vulture concept. The most effective approach towards disaster management is the Eagle concept as it leads to better management which is why the developed countries have the power to contend most of the human induced disasters as well as the natural disasters.

Common examples of these disasters include;

  • Slipping or falling
  • Fire out breaks
  • Terrorism/kidnapping and taking hostage
  • Bio hazards through aerosol or food supply
  • Overcrowding
  • Panic and hysteria

However, when you have disabled people at the scene, they are at greater risk if they can not hear or see the warning signs or unable to leave the premises quickly. In large workplaces, drawing of the emergency precautions systems may be helpful. For example;

  • The location of the main electrical supply switch
  • The main gas shut-off valve
  • The escape routes
  • The position of the fire detection and firefighting equipment
  • Emergency lighting system

Also, provision should be made for alerting people with hearing impairment if alarms systems are audio only. Eg. Flashing light on smoke detectors or specialized alarms installed in the rooms should be made available to people in this category. Auxiliary aids could be available for emergencies such as wheelchairs and where there are staircases and ramps, there should be appropriately situated handrails.

In terms of the control, we have Hierarchy of Controls for Disaster Management;

  • Physically remove the hazards
  • Replace the hazards
  • Isolate people from the hazard
  • Change the way people work
  • Protect the people with personal protective equipment

The National Disaster Management Framework (NDMF) in 2010 recognized 3 broad stakeholders in disaster response groups namely;

  • Primary responders which includes community-based institutions or groups, faith-based organizations (FBOs), Grassroot Volunteers, etc.
  • Secondary responders which includes the Military, the Police, the Fire service, the para-military organizations, the Red cross and NEMA.
  • The tertiary responders include Humanitarian and Development agencies.

The incidence of disaster as much as their impacts has been rather threatening in recent years on the developing nations has been more debilitating owing principally to their high vulnerability to such occurrences as well as the inadequacies of the emergency management infrastructure and practices in such contexts. Unfortunately, the issue of disaster management in Nigeria has not been properly situated and prioritized. The efforts of the various Nigeria government in respect of disaster management has been characteristically inefficient owing to the fact that such endeavors have not been organically blended into the national development security strategy.

In conclusion, the National Emergency Management Agency’s (NEMA) aspiration in respect to the above subject matter have been hampered by inadequacies such as;

  • Funding
  • Lack of capacity in terms of trained personnel,
  • Equipment and Logistics
  •  Weak Executives capacity and supports

Therefore, the need to create disaster management awareness in our various countries cannot be over emphasized. This is because disaster management goes beyond lips service which requires everyone to employ concerted effort for the overall interest of the citizen.

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Entertainment

 Groom slaps his bride at their wedding reception

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 Groom slap his bride at their wedding reception

A groom slapped his bride at the wedding reception today and a Twitter user has taken to the platform to narrate how shocked she was after witnessing the scene.

The Twitter user identified as @MmantiUmoh noted that one doesn’t owe violent people love, said the incident was witnessed by the groom and bride’s parents including other family members. She revealed that it left her not wanting to attend weddings for some time.

The Twitter user wrote;

At the reception today, the groom slapped the bride so hard for one second I thought a helium balloon had burst. While we were taking 10 Seconds to recover from the shock… “Angel”; Please let’s march in ****is tired and under a lot of pressure, let’s please just go in and start the reception, everyone is waiting.

The only thing you owe violent people is to see and respect their humanity in ways they refuse for others. But you are not required to see their anger as acceptable. You don’t owe violent people love — ever. It’s not love.

And maybe it’s worthy of note that even the best man asked angel “what did you do to him, why is he upset?” Well, the mc called and music roared and everyone walked in like nothing had happened. Couple danced from the entrance to podium. Cycle of domestic violence begins.

 

Please don’t ask me what I did. I did absolutely Nothing! Their parents witnessed the slapping ceremony…. some of their family members did too. I went home. I had a migraine. I don’t want to attend any weddings for a bit again. I will send my gift.

For those who insist on living with domestically violent partners. Well, I imagine God doesn’t rejoice over a marriage ending, but do you think God is okay with you being abused and living without love? Do you believe it’s possible that God might hate that even more?

 

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Economy

BREAKING!! No COVID-19 Vaccine, No Salary — Government Tells Civil Servants

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The Togo government said that #COVID19 vaccines are not needed, but warns civil servants that if they do not get the vaccine, they will lose their jobs.

“Togo government says #COVID19 vaccines are not mandatory but tells civil servants that they will not receive their salary if they do not get the vaccine.”

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man arrested for allegedly killing his side chick

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Kenyan man and side chick

Detectives from the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) Kenya, have arrested a 38-year-old married man over the brutal murder of his girlfriend.

 

The suspect, Evans Karani is accused of murdering 25-year-old Catherine Nyokabi in Witeithie area, Juja in Kiambu County.

 

Married Kenyan man arrested for allegedly killing his side chick

 

Juja Sub-County Directorate of Criminal Investigations Officer (DCIO), Richard Mwaura, who confirmed the incident on Friday, April 16, said the suspect attempted to discard Nyokabi’s body on Wednesday but his efforts were thwarted by mud.

While transporting Nyokabi’s body in his car, Karani’s vehicle got stuck in mud on Bob Harris road in Juja, forcing him to flee, leaving the body and car behind, the DCI said.

 

Married Kenyan man arrested for allegedly killing his side chick

 

Police, who arrived at the scene following a report by locals, verified the car ownership from the National Transport and Safety Authority’s Registrar of Motor Vehicles.

 

A hunt for Karani was, consequently, launched by a multi-agency team comprising police, DCI officers and the agency’s Crime Research and Intelligence Bureau (CRIB) officer

 

On Friday morning, April 16, detectives, via phone signal, tracked down Karani to his rented house in Githurai Kimbo area, where they arrested the suspect.

 

The authorities said Nyokabi’s body had been burnt using a corrosive chemical.

 

“She was badly disfigured. Besides the burn injuries, she had bruises on the face and head. It appears she was tortured before being killed,” a detective told The Standard.

 

Authorities said the suspect confessed to killing Nyokabi, a hotel worker in Kahawa Wendani, following a bitter conflict, which they had been embroiled in for the past two weeks.

 

Karani, who is married, reportedly told police Nyokabi was his secret lover.

 

The deceased’s father, Gitonga Njogu, told The Standard that initial reports suggested his daughter, the first born in a family of four children, died in a road accident.

 

“On Facebook, certain people were claiming my child was killed in a car crash in Juja. However, when we got to see her body at the City Mortuary, we were shocked. The visible injuries clearly indicated Nyokabi’s cause of death was not a road accident as had been alleged,” said Njogu.

 

“My girl (Nyokabi) was hard-working, cheerful and very loving. Her future was promising,” said Njogu while attempting to balance a tear in his eyes.

 

The old man said Nyokabi had, in the past, introduced Karani to him as her suitor.

 

“I knew them to be lovers. Just like in any other relationship, they had differences, which I would help them iron out. Two weeks ago, my daughter said she and Karani had broken up. I told her, it was okay; she shouldn’t cling onto a relationship in which she was unhappy. That was the last time I heard of the suspect.”

 

Karani will be arraigned on Monday, April 19, when detectives would seek to detain him longer to allow for investigations to be completed.

 

Married Kenyan man arrested for allegedly killing his side chick Married Kenyan man arrested for allegedly killing his side chick

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